Skip to Main Content

Library and Knowledge Service for NHS Ambulance Services in England - Harvard System

This is an indicative standard for the Harvard Citation System. Use this standard if you have not been specifically recommended another to use. This Guide is based on the BU Guide to Citation in the Harvard Style produced by Bournemouth University.


When writing a piece of work you may need to refer in your text to material written or produced by others. This procedure is called citing or quoting references. Consistency and accuracy are important to enable readers to identify and locate the material to which you have referred. The same set of rules should be followed every time you cite a reference. The principles used in the Harvard System, also known as the ‘Author Date’ method, are widely applied and interpretations exist which differ from the advice in this guide. This guidance is based on British Standards for the citation of references in the Harvard Style and interpretations of that system used in academic and research institutions.